The Regular Cavalry Regiments of the British Indian Army

The early years until 1824


From 1824 to the Mutiny

Contents
- Bengal European -
- Bengal Native -
- Bengal Local -
- Punjab Irregular -
- Madras Native -
- Hyderabad -
- Bombay Native -
- Bombay Irregular -
- Central India -
 

- Bengal European -
 
1858 British Army 1862
1st Bengal European Light Cavalry
1859: 1st Bengal European Cavalry 19th Hussars
2nd Bengal European Light Cavalry
1859: 2nd Bengal European Cavalry 20th Hussars
3rd Bengal European Light Cavalry
1859: 3rd Bengal European Cavalry 21st Hussars
4th Bengal European Light Cavalry
1859: 4th Bengal European Cavalry 1859: disbanded
5th Bengal European Light Cavalry
1859: 5th Bengal European Cavalry 1859: disbanded
 

- Bengal Native -
 
Before 1819 1819 Mutiny In 1861
Governor-General’s Bodyguard Governor-General’s Bodyguard GGBG
1st Bengal Native Cavalry 1st Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
2nd Bengal Native Cavalry 2nd Bengal Light Cavalry 1841: disbanded
3rd Bengal Native Cavalry 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
4th Bengal Native Cavalry 4th Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
5th Bengal Native Cavalry 5th Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
6th Bengal Native Cavalry 6th Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
7th Bengal Native Cavalry 7th Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
8th Bengal Native Cavalry 8th Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
1825: 1st Extra BLC 1826: 9th Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
1826: 2nd Extra BLC 1826: 10th Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
1842: 11th Bengal Light Cavalry 1850: 2nd Bengal Light Cavalry mutinied
 

- Bengal Local -
 
Before 1823 1823 Mutiny In 1861
Skinner’s Horse 1st Bengal Local Horse 1840: 1st Bengal Irregular Cavalry 1st BC
Gardner’s Horse 2nd Bengal Local Horse 1840: 2nd Bengal Irregular Cavalry 2nd BC
1st Rohilla Cavalry 3rd Bengal Local Cavalry 1840: 3rd Bengal Irregular Cavalry mutinied
2nd Skinner’s Horse 4th Bengal Local Horse 1840: 4th Bengal Irregular Cavalry 3rd BC
Gough’s Horse 5th Bengal Local Horse 1840: 5th Bengal Irregular Cavalry mutinied
Fitzgerald’s Horse 6th Bengal Local Horse 1829: disbanded
Hawke’s Horse 7th Bengal Local Horse 1829: disbanded
Skinner’s Horse 8th Bengal Local Horse 1829: disbanded
1838: Oudh Auxiliary Cavalry 1840: 6th Bengal Irregular Cavalry 4th BC
1841: 7th Bengal Irregular Cavalry 5th BC
1842: 8th Bengal Irregular Cavalry 6th BC
1847: 9th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ¹) mutinied disbanded ⁴)
1847: 10th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ²) disbanded
1846: 11th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ³) mutinied
1846: 12th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ³) mutinied disbanded ⁴)
1846: 13th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ³) mutinied
1846: 14th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ³) mutinied
1846: 15th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ³) mutinied
1846: 16th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ³) disarmed
1846: 17th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ³) 7th BC
1846: 18th Bengal Irregular Cavalry ³) 8th BC
raised during the mutiny: 1st Hodson’s Horse 9th BC
raised during the mutiny: 2nd Hodson’s Horse 10th BC
raised during the mutiny: 3rd Hodson’s Horse disbanded
raised during the mutiny: Alexander’s Horse disbanded
raised during the mutiny: 1st Mahratta Horse disbanded
raised during the mutiny: 2nd Mahratta Horse 18th BC
raised during the mutiny: 1st Sikh Irregular Cavalry 11th BC
raised during the mutiny: 2nd Sikh Irregular Cavalry 12th BC
raised during the mutiny: 3rd Sikh Irregular Cavalry disbanded
raised during the mutiny: 4th Sikh Irregular Cavalry 13th BC
raised during the mutiny: Behar Irregular Cavalry disbanded
raised during the mutiny: Lahore Light Horse disbanded
raised during the mutiny: Benares Horse disbanded
raised during the mutiny: Lind’s Pathans disbanded
raised during the mutiny: Ramghur Irregular Cavalry disbanded
raised during the mutiny: Meerut Horse disbanded
raised during the mutiny: Rohilkund Horse 16th BC
raised during the mutiny: Muttra Horse 17th BC
raised during the mutiny: Jat Horse Yeomanry 14th BC
raised during the mutiny: Multani Regiment of Cavalry 15th BC
raised during the mutiny: Fane’s Horse 19th BC
 
¹) from Christie’s Horse in service of Shah Shujah
²) from the cavalry of The Bundelkund Legion (raised in 1838)
³) the 11th to 18th were originally numbered the 10th to 17th, but moved up one number in 1847
⁴) 1857: part of the regiment mutinied; 1861: remainder disbanded
 

- Punjab Irregular -
 
1846 In 1861
The Corps of Guides Guides
1849: 1st Punjab Cavalry 1st Punjab
1849: 2nd Punjab Cavalry 2nd Punjab
1849: 3rd Punjab Cavalry 3rd Punjab
1849: 4th Punjab Cavalry 4th Punjab
1849: 5th Punjab Cavalry 5th Punjab
 

- Madras Native -
 
Before 1819 1819 Mutiny In 1861
1st Madras Native Cavalry 1st Madras Light Cavalry 1st MLC
2nd Madras Native Cavalry 2nd Madras Light Cavalry 2nd MLC
3rd Madras Native Cavalry 3rd Madras Light Cavalry 3rd MLC
4th Madras Native Cavalry 4th Madras Light Cavalry 4th MLC
5th Madras Native Cavalry 5th Madras Light Cavalry disbanded
6th Madras Native Cavalry 6th Madras Light Cavalry disbanded
7th Madras Native Cavalry 7th Madras Light Cavalry disbanded
8th Madras Native Cavalry 8th Madras Light Cavalry disbanded
 

- Hyderabad -
 
1826 1854
1st Nizam’s Cavalry 1st Cavalry, Hyderabad Contingent
2nd Nizam’s Cavalry 2nd Cavalry, Hyderabad Contingent
3rd Nizam’s Cavalry 3rd Cavalry, Hyderabad Contingent
4th Nizam’s Cavalry 4th Cavalry, Hyderabad Contingent
5th Nizam’s Cavalry 1853: disbanded
 

- Bombay Native -
 
Before 1820 1820 In 1861
1st Bombay Light Cavalry 1st Bombay Light Cavalry 1st ByLC
2nd Bombay Light Cavalry 2nd Bombay Light Cavalry 2nd ByLC
3rd Bombay Light Cavalry 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry 3rd ByLC
 

- Bombay Irregular -
 
1817 In 1861
Poona Auxiliary Horse 1847: Poona Irregular Horse 1st Poona H
1839: Gujerat Irregular Horse Gujerat IH
1839: Scinde Irregular Horse 1st Scinde H
1846: 2nd Scinde Irregular Horse 2nd Scinde H
1850: South Mahratta Horse S M’a H
raised during the mutiny: 2nd Southern Mahratta Horse 2nd S M’a H
raised during the mutiny: Macauley’s Horse 3rd Scinde H
raised during the mutiny: 2nd Poona Horse 2nd Poona H
raised during the mutiny: 4th Scinde Horse disbanded
raised during the mutiny: 3rd Southern Mahratta Horse disbanded
raised during the mutiny: 2nd Gujerat Horse disbanded
 

- Central India -
 
1858 In 1861
raised during the mutiny: Mayne’s Horse 1st CIH
raised during the mutiny: Beatson’s Horse 2nd CIH
 

From the The Mutiny to the Indian Army

The Regiments in 1902

From 1903 to the Reorganisation of 1922

The Regiments in 1914

The Reorganisation of 1922

The Regiments in 1939

The Second World War and Independence

The Regiments of the Indian Army Armoured Corps since 1950

The Regiments of the Pakistan Army Armoured Corps since 1956